In an ongoing reflection on the potential and paradoxes of a posthumanist take on the world and its worldings, I find an article on the seduction of posthumanism by Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), Social and Political Thought, Fayaz Chagani (2014) very interesting and recommendable. By transgressing disciplines, a nomadic reading can help challenge an uncritical appropriation of posthumanist work continuously questioning new naturalizations.
In a thorough presentation of the works of “perhaps the most (in)famous posthumanist” Bruno Latour and Donna Haraway, Chagani shows that posthumanisms are indispensable for overcoming the tendency on the part of the human sciences to ignore the active participation of nonhumans. However, they are also inadequate when it comes to addressing conditions of injustice. Thus, this article explores and describes the ethico-political limitations of these particular posthumanist frameworks when it comes to “addressing conditions of injustice”.
While Latour, according to Chagani (2014:428), is interested in recovering human and
nonhuman voices who have been denied representation, he does not ask why some have been marginalized in networks or what is to be done about those who do not leave a “trace” and whose voices cannot, therefore, simply be recovered.
Videostill by artist William Kentridge – “More Sweetly Play the Dance” (2015)
In his drawings and animations, William Kentridge (b. 1955) articulates the concerns of post-Apartheid South Africa..
According to Chagani, Haraway does a much better job of acknowledging differences between and within the human and nonhuman – and of marking the significance of specific human-animal relations. The concern for the significant otherness of humans and animals in her work does not however translate into a basis for challenging the asymmetries between humans and their others. Chagani suggests that it often has an opposite effect, that of naturalizing relations between humans and other animals.
Therefore, in Chagani’s view, it is difficult to see how responsibility (in its ethico-political connotation and not simply an ontological one) is not exclusively a human burden. As Chagani states: It is ours to bear alone.
“By diminishing important differences between humans and nonhumans, Haraway threatens to rob us of the means by which we confront the exploitation of human and nonhuman animals alike. Her thinking is, in this sense and like Latour’s, too posthumanist.” (Chagani, 2014:433).
To me, and hopefully some of you, Chagani’s article is an important step in analyzing the exclusions of posthumanist work as we continue critically exploring what a posthumanist methodology (Ferrando, 2012) entails and which differences it produces.
Chagani, F. (2014): Critical political ecology and the seduction of posthumanism, Journal of Political Ecology, vol. 21
Ferrando, F. (2012): Towards a Posthumanist Methodology. A Statement. In Narrating Posthumanism. Frame, 25.1